HAWTHORN & HEART DISEASE
Hawthorn Berries for a Healthy Heart
By Ingri Cassel
Our heart requires better protection than most Standard American Diets (SADs) provide. The living cells of the heart must be continuously bathed in an assortment of nutrients which happen to be present in herbs such as cayenne, garlic, ginkgo biloba and, particularly, hawthorn berries.
Hawthorn berries have a long history of use as a heart tonic. The Chinese used the berries for both digestion and circulatory problems and the Greeks employed hawthorn berries primarily for heart disorders.
During the Middle Ages many people had a superstitious dread over hawthorn because it was believed that Christ's crown of thorns was made from this tree. Much later in France and England hawthorn branches were used during the May Day festivals and acquired the name of May blossom since it was then used as a symbol of love and betrothal.
Hawthorn is a thorny tree or shrub native to Europe. It may reach a height of 30 feet but is often grown as a hedge plant. Its botanical name -- Crataegus oxyacantha -- is from the Greek kratos meaning hardness (of the wood), oxus meaning sharp, and akantha meaning a thorn.
Although hawthorn flowers and berries have been used primarily as tonics for the heart and circulatory system, they have also been used as mild diuretics and for their astringent quality in the relief of sore throats. The beneficial action of hawthorn leaves, berries and flowers is due to its chemical constituents, primarily flavonoid compounds. Hawthorn contains flavone glycosides, proanthocyanidins, catechins, saponins, amygdalin and vitamin C.
The many cardiovascular benefits are the result of the following actions:
1. Improves blood supply to the heart by dilating the coronary blood vessels
2. Inhibits the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), reducing the amount of stress placed on the heart
3. Improves metabolic processes in the heart
4. Prevents atherosclerosis (hardening of the arteries)
5. Lowers blood pressure
Many studies have shown that hawthorn dilates coronary blood vessels, allowing the heart to be supplied with vital oxygen and nutrients. The various flavonoids present in hawthorn neutralize certain substances from constricting blood vessels. In both humans and animals, hawthorn extracts or syrups improve energy production within the heart.
This occurs not only because of the increased blood and oxygen supply to the heart, but also because of enhanced metabolism within the heart muscle itself. The result is an increase in the force of contraction. This is why using hawthorn has been shown to be beneficial in cases of congestive heart failure and various heart rhythm disturbances such as arrhythmia and heart palpitations.
The flavonoids in hawthorn also strengthen the connective tissue in the arterial walls. Hawthorn extracts have been shown to reduce cholesterol levels and decrease the size of atherosclerotic plaques. This is why hawthorn extracts have a blood pressure-lowering effect. This usually takes about two weeks using the extract or syrup from hawthorn berries at least three times a day for adequate tissue concentrations of these flavonoids to take effect.
In addition, hawthorn has mild sedative properties which may be another reason it is so beneficial to those who are anxious, nervous and stressed -- personality traits commonly associated with heart problems.
When living in Arizona I met my great uncle for the first time. After meeting him, I found out that he was scheduled to have open heart surgery the following week. I shared with him the power of herbs as Dr. John R. Christopher taught me. He was very receptive so we immediately told him he had to stop eating refined carbohydrates of all kinds, especially white sugar. We gave him cayenne and garlic capsules to take with meals three times a day, a natural source of vitamin E (d-alpha tocopherols), and hawthorn berry syrup which he also took three times a day. He was also instructed to drink only purified water and do very mild exercise on a rebounder (mini trampoline).
When he went to his doctor six days later and the day before his surgery was scheduled, the doctor was amazed and canceled the surgery.
“I had several major heart attacks before the doctors told me that my next would be my last. I lived on one floor of my house and never went to the basement or to the upstairs bedrooms. I didn't dare exert myself.
“I went to Texas for a triple bypass operation, but the doctors said I was so weak I wouldn't survive the operation. They sent me home. I was waiting for my next and last heart attack when I started taking the herb hawthorn.
“When I went to buy hawthorn, I wouldn't even get out of the car because I didn't want to strain myself that much. About two months later I began taking an herbal combination for heart problems -- the combination also has hawthorn in it (hawthorn, garlic and cayenne).
My skin color became a lot better, and soon I was able to walk more. The doctor didn't understand why I was getting stronger. My wife and I considered starting a business in a neighboring town. I started working in my basement, leading a normal life again.”
~From the book, Herb Success Stories: Actual Case Histories, pp. 46-47.
Hawthorn berry syrup
Dr. John R. Christopher provides us with a hawthorn berry syrup he refers to as a heart tonic. This is made by making a decoction from hawthorn berries and adding vegetable glycerine and grape brandy. The following is quoted from Dr. Christopher's newsletter titled, “Let Not Your Heart Be Troubled”:
“This heart tonic is a very special food for the heart and circulatory systems. In hundreds of cases we have had wonderful results with this heart formula in people all the way from small infants to youth and to adults of all ages.
“Let me recall an experience we had with my own father-in-law who was in his sixties at the time and who had had heart trouble since birth. He was born with a leakage of the heart and was carried around on a pillow as an infant. He worked hard all his life on the farm but never could he take a job where a physical examination was required for he would always be turned down because of his heart condition.
“During the years of the Second World War he had been accepted at a large chemical depot. The firm had hired him because of the war time manpower shortage. They had placed Mr. W in their construction division without a physical examination when he was sixty-two years of age, and he worked for them until he was sixty-five years old.
“He had begun using this heart tonic when he was sixty years old and had used it faithfully from then on because, according to him, 'it tasted good.' Now he was sixty-five years old and the war came to an end.
“He was called into the company's main office where they complimented his work record and asked him if he could remain there as an employee. First they would have to send him in for a physical examination and, of course, this was what he feared the most. Nonetheless, he agreed to take the examination.
“You may imagine his surprise when he found that he had been given a clean bill of health. He then asked the doctor, 'What about my heart leakage?' The doctor replied, 'I wish I had a heart as good as yours. You should never worry about dying from a heart attack; in fact, if you don't get hit by a truck or lightening, you will probably die quietly in your sleep from old age and won't even muss up the covers.'
“Mr. W. worked for several more years at the plant, retired and then lived on until he was in his eighties. On a July evening in 1970, he went to the rodeo with his family and enjoyed the evening like a kid as he watched his son ride and perform with the rodeo group.
“The next morning one of his sons came to his home and found his father lying peacefully in bed. He had passed away with his hands folded over his chest and, just as the doctor had predicted, the covers were 'not mussed up.' No heart attack -- just the final sleep of old age.”
Much of the information for the above article was taken from Louise Tenney's excellent reference book, Today's Herbal Health, 5th Edition New and Revised.
*Ingri Cassel is the author of the Idaho Observer's Back to Basics column
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